Young movements and old manners

young people go down to the streets and demonstrateClimate change, the rise of violent extremism and widespread sexism, the crisis of modern capitalism, are some of today’s society issues, which pushed especially young people to go down to the streets and demonstrate. We’ve seen in the past few years thousands of new movements blossom around the globe, putting pressure on the dominant political agenda.

2nd June 2015, in Buenos Aires and other 120 cities across the country, a large number of people took the streets against women working and social condition in South America, starting from the episode of Susana Chavez – a Mexican poet victim of feminicide – and the strict policies adopted by Argentinian President Macri towards women. The protest spread rapidly throughout Latin America, Mexico, Peru, Chile, Uruguay and the world itself. The phenomenon of Ni una Menos is cross-sectional but involves especially young people willing to make them hear their voices, everywhere. Many similar movements grew up, as in Italy, a country that saw its young population very active in the last few years.

The Italian situation is interesting in two directions: both a renewed need to demonstrate to influence the political agenda and the nervous answers to these movements by politicians who have contrary opinions. One main example is Matteo Salvini’s behaviour towards his young opponents. On March, Italian Interior Minister published on his social accounts the picture of Viola Pacilli, a 22 years old girl who attended a demonstration with a protest sign against fascism and Salvini’s controversial propaganda. Indeed, publishing her face without any kind of sensible reason (and at the boundaries of legality) meant exposing her to a direct shaming rack from Salvini’s supporters.

The case just mentioned unfortunately is not isolated, on the contrary, it is a frequent practice. In Hungary, for instance, Blanka Nagy, a high school student, was overwhelmed by tough insults from governmental sources, especially the press loyal to president Orbán. We could mention hundreds of more examples, and it is clearly a symptom of the problem.

This is part of a common strategy to far-right representatives which consists in finding an “enemy” against whom their supporters can pour out anger and frustration. It is a classic political concept, the friend/enemy dichotomy – which considers political actions and motives lead by the distinction in friends and enemies – theorised by Carl Schmitt (no coincidence an important academic even during the Nazi period). Anyway, with social networks and internet these techniques are becoming more invasive and “public”, with a new destructive potential: take the Dreyfus Affair, a political scandal occurred in late 19th century France, which symbolises a prelude to the decisive antisemitism and racism which eventually lead to World War II tragedy. Then, try to imagine it nowadays: do you find any similarities? Migrants seen as a terrifying threat, terrorist attacks turned into Islamophobia, Climate change simply reduced to a “hoax”, poor people merely considered humans, except when there is the need for votes. History is life’s teacher.

However, what is often depicted as a generation without values, politically indifferent and less valid than the previous ones, represents instead the real voice that calls for a radical change in the current socio-economic and political system. Greta Thunberg is just the last example of how much the “weak” can do, because the people who pursue political strategies as described before are the same who would call a girl like Greta a “weak”, unable to make any substantial change. Instead, she – as many others – embodies a strong answer to the rising politics of hate.

(written by Claudio Antonio De Angelis)

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Follow-up as a social media influencer to Tülay Gökçimen

This video belongs to our student Bilge Kahraman. In this video you can also find the comments about Tülay Gökçimen.

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Real vs False information; Fake News

Summary of meetings with 10th graders, Hof Hasharon High School, Israel. First meeting: 20.1.2019. Second meeting: 3.2.2019. 22 students participated: 7 girls and 15 boys.

First meeting:

The issue is problematic due to the multiplicity of sources of information, especially in social networks. Some participants noted that in many cases the problem is not necessarily false information but information that is only partially true, or biased.

Some students think they have the ability to distinguish between true and false info, and some of them say they do not have such ability. Some participants said that they have the ability to distinguish between false and real information only in subjects known to them thanks to personal experience. One participant said that in his opinion, this is the only way to distinguish – even though not everyone can personally experience everything.

Therefore, another participant recommended that one should rely on the knowledge and personal experience of others.

Some participants said that the problem also exists in non-digital media (printed newspapers or television), and that it is not advisable to rely on journalists. They believe that most information in the media (any type of media) is either biased or only partially true.

With regard to the example of people avoiding vaccines due to the distribution of false information, one participant noted that there is also a positive aspect: this phenomenon may encourage the development of vaccines with fewer side effects.

Second meeting:

Participants were asked to express their opinion on the expected situation in 10 years. To this end, three alternative scenarios were presented for the year 2029:

1. Fake news are dominant. The majority of news is distorted, you cannot trust any source on the net.

2. Reliability of information on the Internet is guaranteed by new technologies (e.g. artificial intelligence) and other means.

3. People who were born and matured with the Internet know very well how to distinguish between real and false information.

Most students think that Scenario 1 is too extreme. They think that in the future a lot of information will be false, but not all of it. The majority may be false, but it is more likely to be about half – half.

Some students believe that the situation will be quite similar to the present situation.

Some students tend to agree, in part, with Scenario 2. They think reliability will increase, but it is not certain that reliability will really be guaranteed. It is possible that for a significant part of the news, perhaps for most of them, reliability will be indeed guaranteed by new technologies.

One participant believed there will be more trust in information thanks to technology, but not only because of technologies. The change for the better will also happen because more and more people will want to be able to check and verify.

One participant mentioned Wikipedia as a possible model for improving reliability. On Wikipedia all false things are filtered and corrected within a short time. It is possible to develop a kind of correction mechanism for news items.

Some participants think it is more likely that in the future there will be a combination of Scenarios 2 and 3. That is, there will be many more experienced people who can distinguish between real and false information, and also the new technologies will help to increase reliability. Overall, the ability to distinguish real information from false information will improve, mainly through cumulative experience. But it will never reach 100%.

Regarding Scenario 3, one of the students commented (contrary to the views expressed in meetings with other groups) that actually adults today have more experience than young people and can better distinguish between false and real information.

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Bridging the gaps and disagreements

The Students of the Tel Aviv Youth University, representing the young generation perspective, pointed out dilemmas and issues that they’ll present as a challenge to the decision-makers, locally and globally. The first phase was a journey of learning and researching various problems related to the current reality and the future of the Israeli society, through tours and lectures in a variety of subjects.

During their “journey of learning” they were inspired by a lecture discussing the idea of “The 4 Israeli tribes” – a phrase that was coined by the President of Israel to modify a four groups that Israel is disintegrating into: the ultra-Orthodox, the national religious, the Arab sector and the secular Jewish sector. Using their experience of living and working in the digital world, the students claim that social networks are catalysts for hate speech but can also be a promoter of social change.

In the second phase of the activity, the students received practical tools that enabled them to learn different ways to express their opinions, engage large audiences and reach decision makers like lectures about social activity, lobbying, media workshops and more.

With that knowledge on their mind, the young students wrote down a brief for their campaign: they explained the issue, its relevance to the future society, and the ways that they were willing to act.

 The students decided to outline a program for a blog which will describe their experiences in the project where Arabs and Jews, religious and secular, succeeded in bridging the gaps and disagreements – studying and living together.

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Peaceful coexistence between different religions – Download the mobile app

The Students of the Tel Aviv Youth University – a project which enables periphery high-school students to take academic courses on the university – have explored the future society. Representing the young generation perspective, they pointed out dilemmas and issues that they’ll present as a challenge to the decision-makers, locally and globally.

The first phase was a journey of learning and researching various problems related to the current reality and the future of the Israeli society, through tours and lectures in a variety of subjects.

The young students believed that they should be an example of peaceful coexistence between different religions and culture – Arabs and Jews, religious and secular – that succeeded in bridging the gaps and disagreements, studying and living together. Thus, they wanted to express the idea that there is another way, and argued that people should meet each other (online and offline) and share their common hobbies and interests in order to be more tolerant to other people from different cultures. Thus, they have decided to try creating a mobile app that should help connect between teens based on their common hobbies and interests.

During the second phase of the activity, the students received practical tools that enabled them to learn different ways to express their opinions, engage large audiences and reach decision makers like lectures about social activity, lobbying, media workshops and more.

With that knowledge on their mind, the young students wrote down a brief for their campaign: they explained the issue, its relevance to the future society, and the ways that they were willing to act.

They have described their main tool – the mobile app, explained the vision using a mockup tool. You can watch the presentation that was given during the graduation ceremony to a wide audience including senior representatives from the Israeli Ministry of Education, researchers from Tel Aviv University, visitors from the third sector, educators and the families of the participants (Hebrew).

https://youtu.be/xv_9Ef0eR9g

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Social Media and Causes of Stress

Young people who use social media believe that they are an important part of their life. Mainly to facts that are linked to social interaction, catching up with local and international news, employment and entertainment.

Social Media could cover negative feelings, especially with some aggressive or judgmental comments and messages or even being bullied online, the young people interviewed believe that they know how to avoid hostile behavior online.

On the other hand, based on research and responses, the excessive use creates a great amount of stress to them. Social media makes it easy to gradually lose your initial purpose and go through all kinds of websites.

Objectives: 
Does Digital Identity lead to stressful behavior in real life?
What is the impact of SM on users life?

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Social Media and Causes of Stress

Young people who use social media believe that they are an important part of their life. Mainly to facts that are linked to social interaction, catching up with local and international news, employment and entertainment.

Social Media could cover negative feelings, especially with some aggressive or judgmental comments and messages or even being bullied online, the young people interviewed believe that they know how to avoid hostile behavior online.

On the other hand, based on research and responses, the excessive use creates a great amount of stress to them. Social media makes it easy to gradually lose your initial purpose and go through all kinds of websites.

Objectives: 
Does Digital Identity lead to stressful behavior in real life?
What is the impact of SM on users life?

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Giovani, identità e politica: una storia alternativa

Il nostro progetto è nato dalla necessità di capire il rapporto tra giovani e politica, a partire dalla rappresentazione di noi giovani come “bamboccioni”, disinteressati alla politica e svogliati, prodotta e diffusa dagli stessi politici e dai media. Se in questa prospettiva il rapporto tra giovani e politica sembra essere in crisi e quasi in via d’estinzione, dal punto di vista che abbiamo voluto adottare noi, sembra invece essersi soltanto trasformato: sono forse le forme di partecipazione tradizionali, legate ai partiti politici, ad essere in crisi? Da questa domanda è partita la nostra ricerca, che abbiamo voluto sviluppare ascoltando in primo luogo le voci dei giovani attraverso delle interviste strutturate. Le dimensioni indagate riguardano l’identità generazionale, la definizione del concetto di politica, l’autodefinizione del rapporto con la politica, le forme di partecipazione utilizzate. La prima dimensione, l’identità generazionale, è risultata essere la chiave di lettura vincente per capire le traformazioni in atto del rapporto giovani-politica; infatti, abbiamo visto quanto i giovani si sentano “scollati” dalla propria generazione e quanto la mancanza di un’identità comune, quindi di un’idea comune di politica, sia determinante nella scelta delle forme di partecipazione da adottare. A tal proposito abbiamo voluto indagare anche la realtà di Scomodo, un progetto nato a Roma completamente gestito da govani che vuole restituire voce e spazio a una generazione abbandonata, proprio come molti luoghi della città. 

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Power & Dominion of social media

Salve a tutti, sono Maria Chiara e studio Scienze Politiche presso RomaTre. Alcune mie riflessioni e l’uso quotidiano dei social media, mi hanno portato a domandarmi: che fine fanno le cose che condivido su un social? Che cos’è il “narcisismo mediatico”? E soprattutto, a seguito dello scandalo Cambridge Analytica, i miei dati personali, sono davvero protetti? Ho fatto delle ricerche e ho intervistato due persone, di due Paesi e generazioni diverse…e i risultati sono stati sorprendenti! Se siete curiosi di sapere la risposta, alle domande che mi sono posta qui sopra…la mia ricerca vi chiarirà qualcosa. 

Hi everyone i’m Maria Chiara and I study Political Studies at university of Roma Tre. Some of my reflections and the daily use of Social Media, led me to wonder: what happens to the things that I share on a social? What is “the media narcissism”? And above all, as a result of the scandal Cambridge Analytica, my personal data, are really protected? I did some research and I’ve interviewed two people of two different countries and generations … and the results are amazing! If you’re curious to know the answer to the questions written above … my research will clarify something. 

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Las redes sociales en un mundo globalizado

Autoras: Celia Cabezas Puerto, Natalia Martínez Renedo
Se trata de un producto audiovisual (cortometraje) explicando la evolución de las formas de comunicación, las críticas que realiza la sociedad ante las novedades, y el respeto. Está realizado de manera humorística para que no sea un trabajo “común”. Además consta de una parte crítica de debate sobre las ideas explicadas, e incluye el making of.
Objectives: 
Analizar, en un corto de carácter humorístico, la evolución de las formas de comunicación hasta las actuales redes sociales

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