Dismantle Stereotypes!

Forthnight conversations on “Gender Stereotypes and Equality on the Internet”

Dismantle StereotypesIt is impressive how diverse the discussions of the WYRED participants about gender stereotypes and equality on the Internet were and what a high level of reflection there can be seen in the threads! They have collected a lot of valuable material, pictures, videos, stories, graphics and scientific reports.

There is a shared view that media, especially social media and the internet, not only reflect social gender stereotypes, but also massively increase these through the permanent and worldwide availability of the net. They give many examples of this, such as the ideal of the perfect – often sexualised – female or male body promoted by influencers on YouTube or on Instagram and there is an interesting discussion about the connection between these stereotypes and cyberbullying and hate postings.
It is clear that as a group they reject restrictive gender categories, and support the dismantling of stereotypes and respect for differences and diversity of people.
The fornight is closed now and we thank all the participants for their fruitful discussions. We will return to the Gender subject from May 16th to 28th – Let´s work on solutions then!

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The new horizon of democracy

The new horizon of democracy

“Today, it is not that unusual to hear of people talking about e-democracy.

It is a conventional term that describes an unconventional way by which citizens take directly part in the public life of their cities and countries.

E-democracy is an opportunity to reduce the gap between citizens and the government in the difficult field of communication. As a matter of fact, it widens the communicative horizon, in such a trying time when the only words seem to be ‘’walls’’ and ‘’borders’’.

An authentic democracy should give everyone the chance (and voice) to be heard and to participate in the public life, as well as take every opinion into account in order to try to do better and make the best choice for people.

The problem is that people feel the distance between the democratic institutions and themselves; conversely, e-democracy is a virtual space in which everyone can say ‘’I exist, I vote and I would like to take part to the ‘’decision making processes’’.

I think that e-democracy is the best way we could go. I have chosen this topic because it is a constantly evolving issue on which citizens like me should express their needs, and in my opinion, we have the right and the duty to do so.

In conclusion, it seems reasonable to assume that, although e-democracy, with its lights and shadows, is a hotly debated issue, it makes it possible to debate between different realities. In the light of that, hadn’t we better if we turned off the ‘’airplane mode’’ and start to get connected?”

Camilla Caciolo

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Digital addiction

Digital AddictionA group of students (age 16) at Hof Hasharon regional high school in Israel discussed the problem of “digital addiction”.

All students said they are “living in their smartphones” a lot of time every day, some of them many hours a day. Most of them would like to occupy themselves less with their screens. However, it was understood that it is not necessarily addiction in the clinical sense, but rather excessive preoccupation and difficulty in disconnecting. So the “addiction” actually refers to how the user copes when he or she needs to log out.

The crux of the problem is the difficulty of disconnecting, even though you know it would have been better to do something else. One student noted that his parents thought he was like a “clinical addict”. He was addicted to the Fortnite game, used to play for hours each day, and only after a severe pressure from his parents he now plays only on weekends. But most participants think that enforced restrictions and prohibitions are not effective. On the contrary, they achieve the opposite result, as young people will continue to do the prohibited things.

It was mentioned that parents often give a screen to children too early, when they are too young. The problem is not just health risk (to eyes, etc.). The problem is that we give up on social activity and that’s not good.

So how can young people cope with the problem? What can be done?

One student exclaimed “Revolution! Let’s start to boycott the phones! With time more people will join!” Another student expressed an opposite view: “I have no problem with such addiction. Being occupied with the screens is good for me. If wanted to stop, I would stop!

Other participants favored the solution of “voluntary disengagement” based on applications that automatically warn the user and recommend stopping after a certain time” Perhaps not the best solution, but better than nothing. A number of participants blamed the irresistible technology: developers want to to arouse excitement. That’s the goal. The apps give us something we need, excitement. “Everything now is fast and accessible, all is excitement, you cannot prevent it, it’s part of the progress!

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DON’T STAY SILENT! INVESTIGATION OF THE IMPACT OF PATRIARCHAL SOCIETY ON WOMEN’S SOCIAL LIVES

SUMMARY OF THE PROJECT

Patriarchal social structure based on male dominance causes some problems such as gender inequality in social life, subordinating or silencing women and objectifying them. In this project, it is aimed to examine the effects of patriarchal social structure’s on women’s social lives and to comport the social gender inequality with the elements of women’s lives by considering the effects of patriarchal social structure’s and conditions’ place and importance in societies. In other words, traditional values of patriarchal social structure is seem to be related with the double exploitation on women by considerately continuing it presence in modern social structure, either. In order to collect the data, we interviewed 20 volunteer people (10 of them were women) who are over 18 years old from Büyükçekmece samples. Results which were acquired were analyzed via using frequency analysis method. The result of the data showed that majority of the participants advocated gender equality and the ones who did not show such factors as gender and marital status as their reasons. In order to obtain more findings, researchers who want to carry out similar studies can use different data collection methods such as detailed interview and questionnaires.

 

Key Words: social gender, woman, patriarchy, gender inequality.

 

 

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The impact of internal migration on adoloscent students

Bireylerin alışageldikleri çevreden ayrılarak yeni bir çevreye uyum sağlamasına yol açan göç olgusu ve peşi sıra getirdiği problemler, ergenlik dönemindeki bir grup ile yapılan çalışmalarla ele alınmıştır. Bursa ili örnek alınarak nitel veri analizi yöntemleri ile sonuçlar elde edilmeye çalışılmıştır. Ergenlik döneminin baş edilmesi gereken durumlarına ek olarak fiziksel, toplumsal, kültürel çevreleri değişen ergen grubun bu süreçteki uyum, depresyon ve benlik algıları üzerine bir anket hazırlanmış ve 27 öğrenci ile bu üç alt probleme cevap arayan anket çalışması gerçekleştirilmiştir. Bunun yanı sıra 31 öğrenci ile de anket çalışmasına paralel soruların yer aldığı, aynı zamanda bu grubun geri dönme isteğini, madde kullanımını, teknoloji kullanımı ve süresini, arkadaş edinme zorluklarını ele alan sorular eklenmiştir. Bu iki çalışmanın ardından sonuçlar analiz edilmiş ve paralel soruların uygulanan çalışmalardaki cevapları karşılaştırılmıştır.Elde edilen sonuçlara bakıldığında Bursa iline yerleşen öğrenci grubunun katıldığı anket çalışmasında sosyal ortama ve eğitim hayatına adapte olduğu bilgisine ulaşılmıştır. Fakat yapılan bireysel görüşmelerde buna ek olarak kolay arkadaş edinen ergenlerden bir grup geriye dönme isteği içerisinde olduğunu dile getirmiştir. Bunun yanı sıra soru maddeleri içerisinde teknoloji ve madde bağımlılığı üzerine sorulan sorulara bakıldığında madde kullanımına başvurmadıkları; fakat teknoloji ile geçirdikleri zaman diliminin arttığı ve daha fazla sosyal ağlarda zaman geçirdiklerini dile getirmişlerdir.Ergenlik döneminde iç göç yaşayarak Bursa iline gelen bireylerin durumuna bakıldığında buraya adapte oldukları görülmüştür.

 

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Bridging the gaps and disagreements

The Students of the Tel Aviv Youth University, representing the young generation perspective, pointed out dilemmas and issues that they’ll present as a challenge to the decision-makers, locally and globally. The first phase was a journey of learning and researching various problems related to the current reality and the future of the Israeli society, through tours and lectures in a variety of subjects.

During their “journey of learning” they were inspired by a lecture discussing the idea of “The 4 Israeli tribes” – a phrase that was coined by the President of Israel to modify a four groups that Israel is disintegrating into: the ultra-Orthodox, the national religious, the Arab sector and the secular Jewish sector. Using their experience of living and working in the digital world, the students claim that social networks are catalysts for hate speech but can also be a promoter of social change.

In the second phase of the activity, the students received practical tools that enabled them to learn different ways to express their opinions, engage large audiences and reach decision makers like lectures about social activity, lobbying, media workshops and more.

With that knowledge on their mind, the young students wrote down a brief for their campaign: they explained the issue, its relevance to the future society, and the ways that they were willing to act.

 The students decided to outline a program for a blog which will describe their experiences in the project where Arabs and Jews, religious and secular, succeeded in bridging the gaps and disagreements – studying and living together.

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Peaceful coexistence between different religions – Download the mobile app

The Students of the Tel Aviv Youth University – a project which enables periphery high-school students to take academic courses on the university – have explored the future society. Representing the young generation perspective, they pointed out dilemmas and issues that they’ll present as a challenge to the decision-makers, locally and globally.

The first phase was a journey of learning and researching various problems related to the current reality and the future of the Israeli society, through tours and lectures in a variety of subjects.

The young students believed that they should be an example of peaceful coexistence between different religions and culture – Arabs and Jews, religious and secular – that succeeded in bridging the gaps and disagreements, studying and living together. Thus, they wanted to express the idea that there is another way, and argued that people should meet each other (online and offline) and share their common hobbies and interests in order to be more tolerant to other people from different cultures. Thus, they have decided to try creating a mobile app that should help connect between teens based on their common hobbies and interests.

During the second phase of the activity, the students received practical tools that enabled them to learn different ways to express their opinions, engage large audiences and reach decision makers like lectures about social activity, lobbying, media workshops and more.

With that knowledge on their mind, the young students wrote down a brief for their campaign: they explained the issue, its relevance to the future society, and the ways that they were willing to act.

They have described their main tool – the mobile app, explained the vision using a mockup tool. You can watch the presentation that was given during the graduation ceremony to a wide audience including senior representatives from the Israeli Ministry of Education, researchers from Tel Aviv University, visitors from the third sector, educators and the families of the participants (Hebrew).

https://youtu.be/xv_9Ef0eR9g

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GEÇMİŞTEN GÜNÜMÜZE CİNSİYETÇİ DEYİMLER

Toplumların yaşamlarını incelerken onların kültürleri, dilleri ve o dile ait özellikleri belirten kavramları bilmek, bunlar hakkında fikir sahibi olmak gerekmektedir. Deyimler, bir toplumun kadına, eğitime,sosyal hayata vb. bakış açısını belirlemek için biçilmiş kaftandır.Çünkü deyimler, insanların yaşanmışlıklarından meydana gelen,anlatımın akışını canlı tutmayı sağlayan anonim söz gruplarıdır.Türk toplumunun kadına bakış açısını daha iyi algılayabilmek ve o bakış açısındaki olumsuzlukları gösterebilmek, bu deyimlerin olumsuz taraflarını belirtebilmek için cinsiyetçi kavramlar içeren 18 deyim Türk Dil Kurumu (TDK) Atasözleri ve Deyimler Sözlüğünden tespit edilmiştir ve bu deyimler kadının düşünsel statüsü ve kadının toplumdaki statüsü olmak üzere iki kategoride incelenerek olumsuz bakış açısı içeren çeşitli kodlar tespit edilerek kategorilerine göre ayrılmışlardır. İçerik analizi yöntemi ile yapılan araştırmada tespit edilen 18 deyimin kadınlara karşı olumsuz bakış açısı içerdiği tespit edilmiştir. Kadının toplumdaki yerinin tespit edilen bu deyimlere göre erkeğin düşünsel ve toplumsal alanda geri planda olduğu görülmüş; kadının toplumdaki rollerinin annelik, evi çekip çeviren kişi olduğu görülerek kadınların her alanda erkekler ile eşit konuma gelebileceği bilincinin -incelenen deyimlere göre – çok iyi oluşmadığı sonucuna varılmıştır.

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TOPLUMUN SOSYAL DEVLET ANLAYIŞINA İLİŞKİN TANIMI

Sosyal devlet vatandaşına hizmet götüren onların sıkıntılarını ve ihtiyaçlarını karşılayan ve iyi bir yaşam sürdürebilmesi, toplumdaki eşitsizliği sağlamak için gerekli önlemleri alan bu alanda çalışmalar yapan bir kurumlar örgüsüdür. Ülkemiz’ de Avrupalı devletler gibi sosyal reformlar ve çalışmalar yapmaktadır. Bu çalışmaları merkezi yönetim veya yerel yönetimlerle gerçekleştirmektedir. Bu kapsamda sosyal politikalar hazırlanıp uygulanmıştır bu çalışmanın amacı katılımcılardan sosyal devletin tanımını yapıp yapamadıklarını öğrenmektir. Buna bağlı olarak Ek 1 de bulunan ilk soruya verilen cevap da 19 katılımcıdan 10 katılımcı sosyal devletin tanımını yapamamıştır. Hem amaca hem soruna yönelik bir sonuç çıkmıştır. Katılımcı sayısı 15-20 kişi olarak belirlendi çalışmaya 19 katılımcı katılmıştır. Ek 1’de yer alan görüşme formu ile veri toplama işlemi gerçekleştirildi. Görüşme formu uygulanacak her katılımcıdan Ek 2’de yer alan bilgilendirilmiş onam formu alınmıştır. Bulgular da Ek1 de görüşme formun sonuçları aktarılmıştır. Tablolarda verilen cevaplarda farklı çıkarımlar yapılabilir. Çünkü her soru kendi içerisinde farklı bir çalışmaya yönlendiriyor. Fakat bu çalışmanın temel konusu toplumun sosyal devlet anlayışına ilişkin görüşlerini öğrenmektir. Sonuç bölümünde verilen cevaplar neticesinde değerlendirmelerde bulunulmuştur. En belirgin sonuç sosyal devlet tanımına verilen cevap olmuştur çünkü verilen hizmetler biliniyor fakat sosyal devletin tanımı yapılamıyor. Öneri bölümünde Ek 1 görüşme formunda sorulan sorulardan farklı çıkarımlar farklı çalışmalar elde edilebilir. Ders kitaplarında veya akademik bir çalışmayla topluma sosyal devlet olgusunun doğru bir şekilde anlatılması gerekir sosyal devlet sadece ihtiyaç sahiplerine yardım eden bir olgu değil aynı zamanda eğitim, sağlık gibi hizmetleri de yapan bir olguyu anlatılma gerekliliği bu çalışmada orta çıkmıştır.

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Different generations, similar purposes

Now let’s go through a reflection on new and old “addictions” to technology! Thanks MOVES for such an interesting point of view.

The young men chose an interesting way of discussing their gaming experiences: they let their favorite YouTubers speak for them in sharing phrases of the Rapper Dames’s songs in an online discussion.

One of these songs is “12 Millionen” (15 Mio hits): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UKnkc-4ZzEU

So what is it, that makes young men play WoW (World of Warcraft)? Their discussion tells us, that they love being in a community where they are respected as they are. In the community they are well kown and valued for their contributions, no longer have to prove they are good performers. The problems of the real word vanish, when logging in to another world and with others collaboratively solving  the challenges given there. Its addictive being in a flow. They  are a team, they are strong together.

:“Die guten alten Zeiten” (26 Mio hits): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c3rLrFC8igY

But wasn’t it similar in the “good old times”? Times, when they were not even born and the previous generation was glued to television? TV series like Popey, Spiderman, Superman, Wiki, Asterix and Obelix provided the strong and clever idols in that times. Wasn´t this – at that times when television was the leading entertainment technology – as addictive and distracting from the real world as gaming is now?

Though being distinguishable by the 24 hours availability of online gaming and by the level of active/passive participation, it seems that every generation uses its specific technologies for similar purposes.

 

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